What are the most common eye diseases?
“Eye disease” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of your eye. In this list, Dr. Lovero provides information about some of the most common eye diseases and how he treats them. For more in-depth information, don’t hesitate to call Montrose Eye Care.
What is conjunctivitis (pink eye)?
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Pink eye is highly contagious.
Bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust typically cause it. Symptoms include redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing or discharge.
While minor cases often improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten your eyesight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, call Montrose Eye Care to schedule an examination and to receive prompt treatment.
What is diabetic eye disease?
Diabetic eye disease includes a group of eye problems that result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma.
The early stages of diabetic eye disease usually don’t cause symptoms, so it’s important not to wait for problems to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease dramatically reduce your chance of sustaining permanent vision loss.
What is glaucoma?
Often called the “silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure inside your eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve. You won’t experience symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.
While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.
What is macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because of its correlation with aging, it’s also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
There are two forms of AMD called dry – the most common and with no known treatment – and wet, which is the less common form that laser procedures can treat. Genetic testing is available to help identify those most likely to develop wet macular degeneration.
In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet, and quitting smoking can reduce your risk and slow down the progression of macular degeneration.